There are two forms of bloodstone; the plasma and the heliotrope. Heliotrope is transparent and displays red within the stone. Plasma is deep green and opaque with little or no red in it. The transparent quartz is known as “heliotrope” (“sun turning” in Greek), because in ancient times, stones were described as reflecting the sun, which reminded the ancients of the red setting sun, mirrored in the ocean. Many people believed that when immersed in water, the stone could actually turn the sun red. Bloodstone is a variety of chalcedony, which is cryptocrystalline quartz. When it is green, the color comes from chlorite particles, dotted with bright, distinctive red spots of iron oxide that resemble blood, hence its name.
The stone is a symbol of justice. It can have a glass to waxy luster. Legend says bloodstone was formed when drops of Christ’s blood fell and stained some jasper at the foot of the cross. For this reason, it is said to have special powers. Medieval Christians used to carve scenes of the crucifixion of martyrs into bloodstone; therefore, they referred to bloodstone as the martyr’s stone. There is a very famous bloodstone at the Louvre museum in Paris- it is carved with the seal of the German Emperor Rudolf II. Bloodstone, along with aquamarine, is the traditional birthstone for the month of March. It comes in many shapes and cuts, with the common forms cabochon, cushion cut, emerald cut, octagonal, oval and round.
Bloodstone is found in India, Brazil, China, Australia, the United States, the Czech Republic, Germany, Russia, and Scotland. There are many fake bloodstones on the market nowadays but there is a foolproof way to tell if the stone is real- if one rubs the stone on porcelain and blood-red scars appear, it is genuine. Otherwise, it is not bloodstone, but some other gemstone.
Bloodstone, as one might guess, is said to help cure many ailments involving blood. It is said to stop nosebleeds, anemia, blood disorders, and helps the circulation of blood. The stones used to be thought to heal tumors as well. Stones were pulverized and mixed with egg whites and honey before applied to the skin. Powdered bloodstone is used as an aphrodisiac and as traditional medicines in India. It is said to have the power to detoxify and strengthen the immune and lymphatic systems. It is also said to have the power to strengthen kidneys, bone marrow, heart, and liver functions. In medieval times, the stone was used to remove poison from venomous snakebites.
Bloodstone is known as a stone of courage. In ancient times, bloodstones were believed to be magical stones. Warriors used to carry bloodstone amulets with them to help stop the bleeding from their wounds and to protect them from the evil eye. The stone is also thought to have the power to make vague thoughts clear, increase self-esteem, selflessness, intuition, and creativity. It enhances decision making, induces dreams, calms anxiety, drives away negative energy, fights evil, prevents jealousy, boosts spirits, eases a broken heart, and brings good luck. It is also thought to bring about much-needed change.