Late Spring Flower ~ Wallflower

COMMON NAME:  wallflower GENUS:  Cheiranthus SPECIES:  C. allioni, C. cheiri FAMILY:  Cruciferae BLOOMS:  late spring-summer TYPE:  perennial DESCRIPTION:  Wallflowers come in lovely shades of orange, apricot, and yellow. Plants grow to a height of 14 to 18 inches. Numerous flowers occur at the ends of spikes. Leaves are long and narrow. CULTIVATION:  Wallflower plants cannot … Continue reading Late Spring Flower ~ Wallflower

Early Spring Flowers

BASKET OF GOLD COMMON NAME:  basket of gold GENUS:  Alyssum  {although this plant is generally listed in catalogs as Alyssum saxatile, it can also be listed in the genus Aurinia} SPECIES, HYBRIDS, CULTIVARS, A. saxatile  'Citrinum'-pale yellow flowers. A.s. 'Compactum'-bright yellow flowers; shorter plants. A.s. 'Flora Plenum'-double form; bright yellow; each flower is like a miniature … Continue reading Early Spring Flowers


COMMON NAME:  grape hyacinth GENUS:  Muscari SPECIES, HYBRIDS, CULTIVARS, M. armeniacum 'Early Giant'-blue M.a. 'Blue Spike'-up to 12-inch blossoms. M. a. 'White Beauty'-white. M. botryoides-pure white. FAMILY:  Liliaceae BLOOMS:  early spring TYPE:  perennial DESCRIPTION:  Most grape hyacinths grow 6 to 8 inches tall and produce spikes full of round, almost closed blossoms. They spread about … Continue reading GRAPE HYACINTH


COMMON NAME:  hyacinth GENUS:  Hyacinthus SPECIES, HYBRIDS, CULTIVARS, H. Orientalis 'Amsterdam'-bright red to pink. H. o. 'Anne Marie'-light pink. H. o. 'Carnegie'-creamy white. H. o. 'Delft Blue'-blue FAMILY:  Liliaceae BLOOMS:  early spring TYPE:  perennial DESCRIPTION:  Hyacinths are widely used as a spring bulb. The top flower size is 7 to 7 1/2 inches in circumference. … Continue reading HYACINTH

Sweet Pea

COMMON NAME:  sweet pea GENUS:  Lathyrus SPECIES:  L. odoratus {annual}                  L. latifolius {perennial} FAMILY:  Leguminosae BLOOMS: early spring TYPE: annual or perennial DESCRIPTION: The pastel blossoms of sweet pea come in a lovely array of hues including nearly every color except yellow. Their growth habit varies from … Continue reading Sweet Pea


COMMON NAME:  scilla GENUS:  Scilla SPECIES:  S. sibirica FAMILY:  Liliaceae BLOOMS:  early spring TYPE:  perennial DESCRIPTION: Scilla has short {4 to 6 inches} spikes of bright blue or white flowers. The foliage is attractive and the growing habit neat, making it an excellent plant to use as a border or edging plant. It also lends … Continue reading Scilla

Victorian Gardens, Colonial Gardens, Medieval Gardens

Love of flowers and gardening reached a passionate peak in the early 1800's in England. Queen Victoria came to the throne in  1837, and the mood of the times included a love of all things delicate and young and fresh. Flowers became an important part of the grand garden, and gardeners enthusiastically greeted new plants … Continue reading Victorian Gardens, Colonial Gardens, Medieval Gardens

The Victorian Language of Flowers

The language of flowers was quite suited to Victorian England, for it allowed for communication between lovers without the knowledge of ever-present chaperones and parents. Messages that would be a social impossibility if spoken could be conveyed by sending certain types of flowers. How these flowers were sent was of great importance as well, for … Continue reading The Victorian Language of Flowers

Garden Color

Many factors contribute to the beauty of a flower. Its form, texture, fragrance and intricate detail all add to its loveliness. Ask anyone to describe a flower, however, and the first thing mentioned is likely to be the color of the blossoms. Not only does each flower have its own personality based on its history and … Continue reading Garden Color

What Was The Floral Calendar?

Calendars have existed for thousands of years in various forms. The Chinese, Japanese, Romans, Egyptians, and Hopi and Navajo Indians, among countless others, developed calendars. Each of these calendars was different, but each was an accurate means of keeping track of the seasons and the passage of time. Because calendars were so closely tied with … Continue reading What Was The Floral Calendar?