Much has been said about the Celtic Druids. But despite all the traces of evidence, they still remain cloaked in mystery to this day. There is no evidence that can prove how the Druids looked or how their ceremonies and rituals were conducted. Even the ritual sites and the few symbols that point to Druid influence cannot be concretely tied with the Druids at all.
As a matter of fact, most people seem to be unaware that there are several types of Druids. These include:
The differences between these types of Druids are minimal. These differences are mostly related to the timeline of when these Druid groups started to exist, as well as the places where these were started. However, all these groups do share one belief in common: that the practice of Druidism is linked closely to the earth. It is an earth religion that takes a close interest in the relationship between the living beings on earth to the sun and the moon.
All the existing Druid groups also trace their roots back to the ancient Celtic Druids, who were believed to have built the Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. These monolithic slabs of stone are believed to hold a special place in the rituals of ancient Celtic Druids. The place where the stones were placed is believed to be relevant to Celtic astrology. As a matter of fact, several scientists have also extrapolated that these stones could be used to predict certain astrological events.
Celtic astrology is based on the patterns of the moon instead of the sun. It is comparable to Chinese astrology in that both of them follow the lunar pattern. The Druids divided their calendar into 13 months, each of which is named after a tree. The first tree in the calendar is the Birch tree and it usually starts in midwinter.
The Celtic Druids also assigned some major characteristics of each individual born within the days encompassed by a certain tree. These characteristics and the trees that represent them are listed in the chart below:
|Tree||Date of birth||Major Characteristics|
|Birch||December 24 to January 20||People of the birch tree are believed by the Druids to be ambitious, determined, loyal, and resilient.|
|Rowan||January 21 to February 17||People of this tree usually do not allow themselves to be restricted by society’s conventions. They are progressive thinkers who also make decisions based on principle.|
|Ash||February 18 to March 17||People of the ash tree normally have quick wits and are quite spontaneous. They are also highly inquisitive and they can communicate their ideas in a very persuasive manner.|
|Alder||March 18 to April 14||People of the alder tree are believed to be highly self-reliant. They are also quite adventurous and they possess the courage to take risks whenever necessary.|
|Willow||April 15 to May 12||People of the willow tree are generally articulate and strong-willed. They also possess a good memory and can be ruled by their emotions at times.|
|Hawthorn||May 13 to June 9||People of the hawthorn tree are charming and innovative. They can also be a bit mercurial.|
|Oak||June 10 to July 7||People of the oak tree were believed to be born to lead. They are strong-willed and once an idea strikes, they determinedly follow it through and never stop until they achieve it.|
|Holly||July 8 to August 4||People of the holly tree are practical and cautious. They are also followers more than leaders and are supportive of their partners.|
|Hazel||August 5 to September 1||People of the hazel tree are analytical thinkers and are also imaginative.|
|Vine||September 2 to 29||People of this tree are said to be quite discriminating. They also hide their sensibility and vulnerability behind a mask of detached coolness.|
|Ivy||September 30 to October 27||People of the ivy tree are friendly and possess a magnetic personality. They also possess a strong will and they do not give up easily when faced with difficult tasks.|
|Reed||October 28 to November 4||People of the reed tree are highly independent. They know what they want and will work hard to get it. They can also be a bit uncompromising.|
|Elder||November 25 to December 23||People of the elder tree are non-conformists who dislike routine. They are self-sufficient and can be restless, which is why they often take on new tasks with gusto.|
There are a few similarities in the dates and the traits. However, most of the dates in Celtic astrology overlap with the dates of its Western counterpart. Do note that the dates for each tree/month vary depending on the source. No one can tell exactly what the dates are that are covered by each tree, nor how the Druids did their calculations.
That is because nobody has ever found any written account of Celtic Druid rituals and beliefs. These aspects were mostly passed down through oral traditions.