April’s birthstone is the diamond.
Diamonds are the rich cousins of graphite. Both are crystalline forms of pure carbon. The enormous differences in their properties are a result of the way the carbon atoms are bonded together. In graphite, carbon atoms are arranged in sheets that easily slide past each other, which makes graphite ideal as a lubricant and, of course, pencil lead. Diamond crystals, on the other hand, are a tight-fisted network of carbon atoms securely held in four directions, making it the hardest naturally-occurring substance in the world.
In order to achieve such a compact and strongly-held network of carbon atoms, it is believed that diamonds must have crystallized deep under the Earth’s surface. At these depths the proper conditions for the formation of diamonds exist; at 90 to 120 miles deep, pressures are more than 65,000 times that of the atmosphere at the Earth’s surface, with temperatures exceeding 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit. Such pressures and temperatures reproduced in laboratories have successfully yielded synthetic diamonds.
There are many kinds of diamonds: transparent, translucent, or opaque; ranging from colorless to sooty black, with many colors in between. Mostly transparent diamonds, colorless or tinted, are used as jewelry. Others are used widely in industry. The color of a diamond depends on the kind of impurities embedded inside it. Yellow diamonds, for example, betray minute quantities of nitrogen, while boron imparts a bluish hue. There are other inclusions in diamonds that have great scientific value. Such samples are time capsules that yield valuable information about conditions deep in the Earth’s upper mantle where diamonds formed, as well as clues to the formation and age of the diamond.
Diamonds are found in alluvial deposits – gravel swept by streams, rivers, glaciers, and ocean currents. They are also found in the sedimentary rock where gravel deposits and organic material have been compressed into rock. Diamonds can be found in some samples of kimberlite – a type of volcanic rock first identified in Kimberley, South Africa. Diamonds found in kimberlite are thought to be very old, perhaps as much as three billion years old. Tiny flecks of diamond have even been found inside meteorites – bits of rocky space debris that land on Earth.
Diamonds are crystals. Crystals are the ultimate form of symmetry in nature. Their shape reflects the internal orderly arrangement of atoms within the crystal. In diamonds, atoms of carbon are held tightly by covalent bonding, where two neighboring atoms share an electron, endowing the diamond crystal with great strength. But despite that hardness, diamonds can be cut with saws and polished with grinding wheels coated with tiny industrial diamond fragments. In their natural form, diamonds can appear quite unimpressive. They are cut and polished by skilled craftsmen in a pattern that reflects and refracts the light among its facets to reveal the hidden beauty of the stone.
Diamonds’ cold, sparkling fire has held us spell-bound for centuries, inspiring rich, passionate myths of romance, intrigue, power, greed, and magic. Ancient Hindus, finding diamonds washed out of the ground after thunderstorms, believed they were created by bolts of lightning. In our place and time, the diamond is a symbol of enduring love and often graces engagement rings.
Some diamonds seem to have lived lives of their own. One legendary stone in the diamond hall of fame is the Koh-i-noor (“Mountain of Light”). The Koh-i-noor diamond’s early history is shrouded in time. It is believed to be 5,000 years old and was featured in the great Sanskrit epic The Mahabharata. Originally owned by the Rajah of Malwa in India, the Koh-i-noor has since been a player in victories and defeats spanning India, Persia, and Afghanistan. It was in the possession of the great Mogul dynasty from 1526 to 1739. Its owners included Shah Jehan, who built the Taj Mahal in memory of his queen Mumtaz. The Persian invader Nadir Shah briefly possessed it until his assassination in 1747. The jewel then fell into the hands of Afghan rulers who eventually surrendered it to the Rajah of Punjab, Ranjit Singh.
Two years after Ranjit Singh’s death in 1839, Punjab became part of India under British rule. The stone was presented to Queen Victoria, who had it cut from its original 187 carats to 108 carats in an attempt to further enhance its beauty. After her death, the diamond became part of the British crown jewels. Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother) wore it in her crown at her 1937 coronation.
Diamond is the traditional birthstone for April. With a Mohs hardness of 10 and a brilliant luster, it is a favorite gemstone indeed. However, it is not the only gemstone that is available for birthstone jewelry to those who are born in April. The zodiac signs of Aries and Taurus both connect with many gemstones that are suitable for birthstone jewelry too. The variety of precious and semi-precious stones that are available via the zodiac signs opens up a world of color and the opportunity to purchase gemstones that won’t break the bank.
The various gemstones found under these zodiac signs include; bloodstone, jasper, topaz, sapphire, amber, coral, emerald, rose quartz, aventurine, and turquoise.
So let’s take a look at how these gemstones line up with the zodiac signs for our April born individuals.
Aries (March 21 – April 20)
- The Zodiac sign Aries has two stones associated with it: Bloodstone, and Diamond
- The Planetary stone for Aries is Jasper
- The Talismanic Stone for Aries is Topaz
Taurus (April 21 – May 21)
- The Zodiac sign Taurus has six stones associated with it: sapphire, amber, coral, emerald, rose quartz, and turquoise.
- The Planetary stones for Taurus are aventurine and emerald.
- The Talismanic Stone for Taurus is garnet.
What are Talismanic & Planetary-Stones? Let us explain.
Planetary Stones – In ancient times Gemstones were believed to be associated with different planets. Some of these planets were deemed to be ruling planets for the time in which individuals were born. A belief stemmed that wearing the stone of the ‘ruling planet’ at your time of birth would bring positive effects to your life!
Talismanic Stones – Talismans are amulets which have been cut or engraved as jewelry. Wearers of these stones are said to have protection by the magical powers the Talismans posses. These engraved Talismans are supposed to protect from evil, but they must have engravings on stones corresponding to the Zodiac sign of the barer.
Why is Diamond the Birthstone for April?
Diamond became an official birthstone in 1912 when the American National Association of Jewelers designed what we call today the modern birthstone list. This list dedicates different gemstones to the twelve months in the calendar year. Because this list abandoned some of the original mythology behind birthstones; such as the order they are in and the removal of some gems it was a controversial list indeed which was thought to be brought about by commercialism. Despite its rocky beginnings today this list is widely accepted as the official birthstone list and thus diamond is the official birthstone of April.
Sorry, this time the story isn’t exciting, but we do have some great news about our zodiac stones, their healing powers and uses in feng shui, so please keep reading.
Are there references to earth, fire, water, air, or Feng Shui?
Yes, there are! For April we would like to focus on two gemstones that have great Feng Shui applications and healing properties.
The gems we have selected are Jasper and Rose Quartz; we have chosen them for their positive attributes in healing and feng shui.
We will speak about these gemstones uses in Feng Shui, and the benefits you can obtain by wearing them will be our next section.
Jasper in Feng Shui:
Jaspers use in Feng Shui is versatile as the color of the stone becomes essential in the usage of the gemstone and the effects one desires. Select your color jasper depending on what type of energy you would like to attract into your home and life.
Brown and Green Jaspers use in Feng Shui: Brown and Green Jaspers both utilize Wood energy, the energy of growth, expansion, new beginnings, nourishment, and health. It enhances vitality, brings abundance, and keeps us growing physically. Use brown or green jasper to enhance any space used for eating, in the room of a small child, or in a place of your home where you are beginning a new project. Wood energy is traditionally associated with the East and Southeast areas of a home or room. It is associated with the Family and Health area, and the Prosperity and Abundance area.
Red Jasper Feng Shui: Red Jasper utilizes Fire Energy, the energy of enthusiasm, warmth, brightness, illumination, and activity. It is Yang in nature. It is the energy of heat, action, emotion, and passion – of ideas, of concepts, and sex. It is traditionally associated with the south area of a home or room, and with the fame and reputation area of your dwelling. Use its energy to give your life the boost it needs to enhance your standing in the community and within your family. Red gemstones should be used sparingly, to bring the sun’s power and the fire element’s energy to your space
Yellow Jasper Feng Shui: Yellow Jasper has subdued Fire energy, generally used in the center of a home or room to bring cheerfulness, light, and energy to the entire space. Yellow is the color of the middle of the year, the middle of space, the sun, and light energy. Use Yellow Jasper in the center of space to energize and vitalize it.
Rose Quartz in Feng Shui:
Rose Quartz in Feng Shui is used principally as a love cure. Since these stones associated with the heart and the mending of the heart, it is no surprise that by introducing rose quartz to the home you will attract love. The love and marriage area, southwest if you follow the traditional feng shui bagua, is the best place to display rose quartz as a love cure. You can also place a rose quartz gemstone in the center of your home, as well as have several gemstones in your bedroom.
You can also use rose quartz to assist you or your family if they have trouble sleeping or are easily agitated. Just place a few pieces of rose quartz underneath your pillow or near your bed stand. You can bring feng shui energy to your home with gemstones or carvings made of rose quartz.
Why wear Jasper? Are they used for Health, Luck, etc.?
Jasper is a versatile stone for feng shui and other forms of physical and spiritual healing such as chakra healing, and crystal healing. But what are the benefits of Jasper? Why do people use it? The main two reasons to use jasper for healing are stress reduction and to induce a state of relaxation. Jasper has a cleansing effect that expels negative energy and balances your aura. Obtaining these desirable effects is as simple as carrying, wearing, or rubbing a gemstone.
Jasper is also great for physical and mental healing. Jaspers earth energies can strengthen and revitalize those who are struggling with illness or injuries and also aid them in enduring their painful emotional experiences. The support Jasper provides can also enhance self-discipline and boost physical energy, so if you are struggling to achieve something in your life but lack the discipline to do so, Jasper can help by providing you the strength needed to accomplish your desired task. This quality makes Jasper a valuable gemstone for those who are trying to lose weight, quit smoking or drinking, or are struggling with other issues that require extreme self-discipline.
Why wear Rose Quartz? Are they used for Health, Luck, etc.?
Rose Quartz is a stone that will enable you to attract love into your life and keep it. It is also the number one stone for healing a broken heart; additionally, rose quartz can repair your heart from past trauma allowing one to recover from old negative emotions like loneliness, resentment, anger, fear, jealousy, and envy. You will find that wearing rose quartz will help you to feel balanced emotionally and will also improve relationships with yourself and others.
Wear your rose quartz gemstone anywhere to obtain its benefits. For the best results, you should wear your rose quartz in a pendant as close as possible to your heart.
How are April’s stones connected to March and May?
All of the months and traditional birthstones combine through the star signs or the Zodiac Signs. The current birthstone list is a twelve-month list that has one or more gemstones for each month. What positively connect the months are the Zodiac Signs and the gemstones that go with them. In this way, all the months of the year connect, and some zodiac stones are far from the traditional birthstone selected for the month. Zodiac stones give the wearer of gemstone jewelry many more options when choosing a piece to wear.