Metaphysical & Physical Guide to Our Stones {Part 1}

Discover the Gemstone Meanings of our Stones, including the Metaphysics and our Physical Gemstone Properties.


Agate is a microcrystalline variety of quartz (silica), chiefly chalcedony, characterized by its fineness of grain and brightness of color. Although agates may be found in various kinds of rock, they are classically associated with volcanic rocks but can be common in certain metamorphic rocks.
The stone was given its name by Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher, and naturalist, who discovered the stone along the shoreline of the river Achates sometime between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Colorful agates and other chalcedonies were obtained over 3,000 years ago from the Achates River, now called Dirillo, in Sicily.
Physical properties of Agate:

Stone Type/Family: Silicates

Category: Quartz variety
Crystal System: Trigonal
Chemical formula: Silica, SiO2
Color: White to grey, light blue, orange to red, black. A banded variety of Chalcedony found in white, red, pink, gray, blue, green, brown, or any combination of these colors.
Crystal habit: Cryptocrystalline silica
Crystal system: Rhombohedral Microcrystalline
Cleavage: None
Fracture: Conchoidal with very sharp edges.
Mohs scale hardness: 7
Luster: Waxy
Streak: White
Specific gravity: 2.58-2.64
Refractive index: 1.530-1.540
Birefringence: up to +0.004 (B-G)
Pleochroism: Absent
Location: Found World Wide including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Madagascar, Poland, UK, Uruguay, USA
Rarity: Common


Metaphysical guide of Agate:

Primary Chakra: Varies by type and color
Astrological sign(s): Gemini, Scorpion
Vibration: Number 7

Agate can help those who have repressed emotional issues that need to be addressed so that they can let go (release) and heal. Many feel that Agate has an anti-depressant quality. It can be helpful for those who are struggling to be genuine in their lifestyle, as it promotes an understanding of the need for deeper meaning. Agate stimulates the exploration of the unknown and furthers one’s quest toward the enlightened state.

Carry Agate to promote creative ability in any project or goal. Agate promotes creativity and encourages one to find solutions rather than focusing on negative aspects of daily challenges. Crystal healers like to use Agate for its soothing and calming qualities. Agate energizes the auric body and encourages eternal and constant love by bringing in the energies of Universal and Unconditional Love. Agate is a reminder that we are love and compassion in action.

In general, Agates carry a quiet energy that works on the subtle bodies and are great for achieving stability and balance in many aspects of one`s life. Agates tend to work behind the scenes on the cause, instead of the symptom, of an issue. Agate is believed to improve mental functions and can help where issues of clarity and stability are concerned. Agate is also helpful in overcoming negative emotions by bringing love into the chakras. Although they work very slowly and deliberately, this gentle nature of Agate helps them to have a lasting impact.


Amazonite (sometimes called “Amazon stone”) is a green variety of microcline feldspar.
The name is taken from that of the Amazon River, from which certain green stones were formerly obtained, but it is doubtful whether green feldspar occurs in the Amazon area.
Amazonite is a mineral of limited occurrence. Formerly it was obtained almost exclusively from the area of Miass in the Ilmen mountains, 50 miles southwest of Chelyabinsk, Russia, where it occurs in granitic rocks. More recently, high-quality crystals have been obtained from Pike`s Peak, Colorado, where it is found associated with smoky quartz, orthoclase, and albite in a coarse granite or pegmatite. Crystal Park, El Paso County, Colorado is a well-known locality for crystals of amazonite. Some other localities in the United States yield amazonite, and it is also found in pegmatite in Madagascar and in Brazil.
Because of its bright green color when polished, amazonite is sometimes cut and used as a gemstone, although it is easily fractured.
For many years, the source of amazonite`s color was a mystery. Naturally, many people assumed the color was due to copper because copper compounds often have blue and green colors. More recent studies suggest that the blue-green color results from small quantities of lead and water in the feldspar. (Hoffmeister and Rossman, 1985)
Physical properties of Amazonite:
Stone Type/Family: A variety of Microcline Feldspar
Crystal System: Triclinic
Chemical Composition: (KAlSi3O8) Potassium, Aluminum, Silicon, and Oxygen
Hardness: 6-6.5
Color: Medium to Dark, green to blue-green, translucent to opaque with fine white streaks
Location: USA, Russia, Canada, Brazil, India, Namibia, Madagascar, and South Africa
Rarity: Common
Fun Fact: Also frequently called “Amazon Jade” or “Amazon Stone”
Metaphysical guide of Amazonite:
Expression, Balance, Inspiration
Primary Chakras: Heart, Throat, Thymus
Third Eye Astrological sign(s): Virgo
Primary Chakra: Heart, Throat, Thymus, Third Eye
Vibration: Number 5
Amazonite is great for non-verbal expression. It is a good energy filter, blocking geopathic stress as well as electromagnetic pollution emitted from computers, microwaves, or cell phones. Amazonite soothes aggravation and emotional trauma, eases irritation, and calms all of the chakras. Amazonite also assists the user in seeing different sides of the same issue and balances masculine and feminine energy as well as different personality traits.

Amazonite can be used to connect and communicate with Fairies and Nature Spirits. Amazonite is a “Stone of Success and Abundance”, attracting focus and good luck. Amazonite can aid in a peaceful transition when it is time to leave this life. Amazonite aligns the physical and subtle bodies, and assists in balancing the yin and yang (male and female) energies, helping one to escape the illusion of separation from the Divine.

Physically, Amazonite can assist with throat, sinus, chest and lung issues. Use Amazonite to help in maintaining overall health and a healthy lifestyle.



Ammonites are an extinct group of marine invertebrate animals in the subclass Ammonoidea of the class Cephalopoda. These mollusks are more closely related to living coleoids (i.e. octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish) than they are to shelled nautiloids such as the living Nautilus species.
Ammonites are excellent index fossils, and it is often possible to link the rock layer in which they are found to specific geological time periods. Their fossil shells usually take the form of planispirals, although there were some helically-spiraled and non-spiraled forms (known as heteromorphs).
The name ammonite, from which the scientific term is derived, was inspired by the spiral shape of their fossilized shells, which somewhat resemble tightly-coiled rams` horns. Pliny the Elder (d. 79 A.D. near Pompeii) called fossils of these animals ammonis cornua (“horns of Ammon”) because the Egyptian god Ammon (Amun) was typically depicted wearing ram`s horns. Often the name of an ammonite genus ends in -ceras, which is Greek (êÝñáò) for “horn”.
Originating from within the bactritoid nautiloids, the ammonoid cephalopods first appeared in the Late Silurian to Early Devonian (circa 400 million years ago) and became extinct at the close of the Cretaceous (65 Ma) along with the dinosaurs. The classification of ammonoids is based in part on the ornamentation and structure of the septa comprising their shells` gas chambers; by these and other characteristics we can divide subclass Ammonoidea into three orders and eight known suborders. While nearly all nautiloids show gently curving sutures, the ammonoid suture line (the intersection of the septum with the outer shell) was folded, forming saddles (or peaks) and lobes (or valleys).

Physical properties of Ammonite:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: †Ammonoidea
Three major types of suture patterns in Ammonoidea have been noted:
Goniatitic – numerous undivided lobes and saddles; typically 8 lobes around the conch. This pattern is characteristic of the Paleozoic ammonoids.
Ceratitic – lobes have subdivided tips, giving them a saw-toothed appearance, and rounded undivided saddles. This suture pattern is characteristic of Triassic ammonoids and appears again in the Cretaceous “pseudoceratites”.
Ammonitic – lobes and saddles are much subdivided (fluted); subdivisions are usually rounded instead of saw-toothed. Ammonoids of this type are the most important species from a biostratigraphical point of view. This suture type is characteristic of Jurassic and Cretaceous ammonoids but extends back all the way to the Permian.
Orders and suborders
An ammonitic ammonoid with the body chamber missing, showing the septal surface (especially at right) with its undulating lobes and saddles.
Iridescent ancient ammonite fossil on display at the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, around 2.5 feet in diameter.

The Ammonoidea can be divided into eight orders, listed here starting with the most primitive and going to the more derived.
Anarcestida, Devonian
Clymeniida, Upper Devonian
Goniatitida, Middle Devonian – Upper Permian
Prolecanitida, Upper Devonian – Upper Triassic
Ceratitida, Permian – Triassic
Phylloceratida, Triassic – Cretaceous
Lytoceratida, Jurassic – Cretaceous
Ammonitida, Lower Jurassic – Upper Cretaceous
Note that in some classifications these are referred to as suborders, included in only three orders: Goniatitida, Ceratitida, and Ammonitida.
Taxonomy of the Treatise
The Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (1964) includes the Ammonitina, Lytoceratina, and Phylloceratina as separate suborders within the subclass Ammonoidea, without the use of orders, and divides them into superfamilies. In other, subsequent taxonomies the Ammonitina, Lytoceratina, and Phylloceratina are placed within the order, Ammonitida. The Ancyloceratina which is sometimes treated as a separate suborder is treated as a superfamily, the Ancylocerataceae in the Lytoceratina in the Treatise.
According to the Treatise, the Ammonitina is derived from the Phyllocerarina and Lytoceratina beginning in the Early Jurassic with the Psilocerataceae and ending with nine superfamilies, although not all extant at the same time. These are the Acanthocerataceae, Desmocerataceae, Eoderocerataceae, Haploceratacea, Hildocerataceae, Hoplitaceae, Perispinctaceae, Psilocerataceae, and Stephanocerataceae.
The Eoderocerataceae, Hildocerataceae, Psilocerataceae, and Stephanocerataceae are strictly Jurassic groups. The Acanthocerataceae, Desmocerataceae, and Hoplitaceae are known only from the Cretaceous. But the Haplocerataceae and Peripinctaceae extend from the Jurassic well into the Cretaceous.

Jeletzkytes, a Cretaceous ammonite from the USA
Asteroceras, a Jurassic ammonite from EnglandBecause ammonites and their close relatives are extinct, little is known about their way of life. Their soft body parts are very rarely preserved in any detail. Nonetheless, much has been worked out by examining ammonoid shells and by using models of these shells in water tanks.
Many ammonoids probably lived in the open water of ancient seas, rather than at the sea bottom. This is suggested by the fact that their fossils are often found in rocks that were laid down under conditions where no bottom-dwelling life is found. Many of them (such as Oxynoticeras) are thought to have been good swimmers with flattened, discus-shaped, streamlined shells, although some ammonoids were less effective swimmers and were likely to have been slow-swimming bottom-dwellers. Ammonites and their kin probably preyed on fish, crustaceans and other small creatures, while they themselves were preyed upon by such marine reptiles as mosasaurs. Fossilized ammonoids have been found showing tooth marks from such attacks. They may have avoided predation by squirting ink, much like modern cephalopods; ink is occasionally preserved in fossil specimens.
The soft body of the creature occupied the largest segments of the shell at the end of the coil. The smaller earlier segments were walled off and the animal could maintain its buoyancy by filling them with gas. Thus the smaller sections of the coil would have floated above the larger sections.

A variety of ammonite forms, from Ernst Haeckel`s 1904 Kunstformen der Natur (Artforms of Nature).The chambered part of the ammonite shell is called a phragmocone. The phragmocone contains a series of progressively larger chambers, called camerae (sing. camera) that are divided by thin walls called septa (sing. septum). Only the last and largest chamber, the body chamber, was occupied by the living animal at any given moment. As it grew, it added newer and larger chambers to the open end of the coil. A thin living tube called a siphuncle passed through the septa, extending from the ammonite`s body into the empty shell chambers. Through a hyperosmotic active transport process, the ammonite emptied the water out of these shell chambers. This enabled it to control the buoyancy of the shell and thereby rise or descend in the water column.
A primary difference between ammonites and nautiloids is that the siphuncle of ammonites (excepting Clymeniina) runs along the ventral periphery of the septa and camerae (i.e., the inner surface of the outer axis of the shell), while the siphuncle of nautiloids runs more or less through the center of the septa and camerae.

Discoscaphites iris, Owl Creek Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Ripley, Mississippi. One feature found in shells of the modern Nautilus is the variation in the shape and size of the shell according to the sex of the animal, the shell of the male being slightly smaller and wider than that of the female. This sexual dimorphism is thought to be an explanation for the variation in size of certain ammonite shells of the same species, the larger shell (called a macroconch) being female, and the smaller shell (called a microconch) being male. This is thought to be because the female required a larger body size for egg production. A good example of this sexual variation is found in Bifericeras from the early part of the Jurassic period of Europe.
It is only in relatively recent years that the sexual variation in the shells of ammonites has been recognized. The macroconch and microconch of one species were often previously mistaken for two closely related but different species occurring in the same rocks. However, these “pairs” were so consistently found together that it became apparent that they were, in fact, sexual forms of the same species.

The majority of ammonite species feature a shell that is a planispiral flat coil, but other species feature a shell that is nearly straight (as in baculites). Still, other species` shells are coiled helically, superficially like that of a large gastropod (as in Turrilites and Bostrychoceras). Some species` shells are even initially uncoiled, then partially coiled, and finally straight at maturity (as in Australiceras). These partially uncoiled and totally uncoiled forms began to diversify mainly during the early part of the Cretaceous and are known as heteromorphs.
Perhaps the most extreme and bizarre-looking example of a heteromorph is Nipponites, which appears to be a tangle of irregular whorls lacking any obvious symmetrical coiling. However, upon closer inspection, the shell proves to be a three-dimensional network of connected “U” shapes. Nipponites occurs in rocks of the upper part of the Cretaceous in Japan and the USA.
Ammonites vary greatly in the ornamentation (surface relief) of their shells. Some may be smooth and relatively featureless, except for growth lines, and resemble that of the modern Nautilus. In others, various patterns of spiral ridges and ribs or even spines are shown. This type of ornamentation of the shell is especially evident in the later ammonites of the Cretaceous.
Main article: Aptychus
A drawing of an aptychus named “Trigonellites latus” from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation in EnglandSome ammonites have been found in association with a single horny plate or a pair of calcitic plates. In the past it was assumed that these plates served to close the opening of the shell in much the same way as an operculum, however more recently it has been postulated that they were instead a jaw apparatus.
The plates have collectively termed the aptychus or aptychi in the case of a pair of plates, and anaptychus in the case of a single plate. The paired aptychi were symmetrical to one another and equal in size and appearance.

Anaptychi are relatively rare as fossils. They are found representing ammonites from the Devonian period through those of the Cretaceous period.

Calcified aptychi only occur in ammonites from the Mesozoic era. They are almost always found detached from the shell and are only very rarely preserved in place. Still, sufficient numbers have been found closing the apertures of fossil ammonite shells as to leave no doubt as to their identity as part of the anatomy of an ammonite.

Large numbers of detached aptychi occur in certain beds of rock (such as those from the Mesozoic in the Alps). These rocks are usually accumulated at great depths. The modern Nautilus lacks any calcitic plate for closing its shell, and only one extinct nautiloid genus is known to have borne anything similar. Nautilus does, however, have a leathery head shield (the hood) which it uses to cover the opening when it retreats inside.

There are many forms of aptychus, varying in shape and the sculpture of the inner and outer surfaces, but because they are so rarely found in position within the shell of the ammonite it is often unclear to which species of ammonite one kind of aptychus belongs. A number of aptychi have been given their own genus and even species names independent of their unknown owners` genus and species, pending future discovery of verified occurrences within ammonite shells.

Although ammonites do occur in exceptional lagerstatten such as the Solnhofen limestone, their soft part record is surprisingly bleak – beyond a tentative ink sac and possible digestive organs, no soft parts are known at all. It can be tentatively assumed that they had numerous tentacles, each quite weak, and engulfed prey almost whole.
2-metre (6.5-foot) Parapuzosia seppenradensis cast in GermanyFew of the ammonites occurring in the lower and middle part of the Jurassic period reach a size exceeding 23 centimeters (9 inches) in diameter. Much larger forms are found in the later rocks of the upper part of the Jurassic and the lower part of the Cretaceous, such as Titanites from the Portland Stone of Jurassic of southern England, which is often 53 centimeters (2 feet) in diameter, and Parapuzosia seppenradensis of the Cretaceous period of Germany, which is one of the largest known ammonites, sometimes reaching 2 meters (6.5 feet) in diameter. The largest documented North American ammonite is Parapuzosia bradyi from the Cretaceous with specimens measuring 137 centimeters (4.5 feet) in diameter, although a new 2.3-metre (7.5-foot) British Columbian specimen, if authentic, would appear to trump even the European champion.

A specimen of Hoploscaphites from the Pierre Shale of South Dakota. Much of the original shell, including the nacre, has survived. Starting from the late Silurian, ammonoids were extremely abundant, especially as ammonites during the Mesozoic era. Many genera evolved and ran their course quickly, becoming extinct in a few million years. Due to their rapid evolution and widespread distribution, ammonoids are used by geologists and paleontologists for biostratigraphy. They are excellent index fossils, and it is often possible to link the rock layer in which they are found to specific geological time periods.

Due to their free-swimming and/or free-floating habits, ammonites often happened to live directly above seafloor waters so poor in oxygen to prevent the establishment of animal life on the seafloor. When upon death the ammonites fell to this seafloor and were gradually buried in accumulating sediment, bacterial decomposition of these corpses often tipped the delicate balance of local redox conditions sufficiently to lower the local solubility of minerals dissolved in the seawater, notably phosphates and carbonates. The resulting spontaneous concentric precipitation of minerals around a fossil is called a concretion and is responsible for the outstanding preservation of many ammonite fossils.

When ammonites are found in clays their original mother-of-pearl coating is often preserved. This type of preservation is found in ammonites such as Hoplites from the Cretaceous Gault clay of Folkestone in Kent, England.

The Cretaceous Pierre Shale formation of the United States and Canada is well known for the abundant ammonite fauna it yields, including Baculites, Placenticeras, Scaphites, Hoploscaphites, and Jeletzkytes, as well as many uncoiled forms. Many of these also have much or all of the original shell, as well as the complete body chamber, still intact. Many Pierre Shale ammonites, and indeed many ammonites throughout earth history, are found inside concretions.

An iridescent ammonite from Madagascar.Other fossils, such as many found in Madagascar and Alberta (Canada), display iridescence. These iridescent ammonites are often of gem quality (ammolite) when polished. In no case would this iridescence have been visible during the animal`s life; additional shell layers covered it.

The majority of ammonoid specimens, especially those of the Paleozoic era, are preserved only as internal molds; that is to say, the outer shell (composed of aragonite) has been lost during the fossilization process. It is only in these internal-mold specimens that the suture lines can be observed; in life, the sutures would have been hidden by the outer shell.

The ammonoids as a group continued through several major extinction events, although it appears that often only a few species survived. Each time, however, this handful of species diversified into a multitude of forms. Ammonite fossils became less abundant during the latter part of the Mesozoic, with none surviving into the Cenozoic era. The last surviving lineages disappeared, along with the dinosaurs, 65 million years ago in the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event. The reason why no ammonites survived the extinction event at the end of the Cretaceous, whereas some nautiloid cousins survived, might be due to differences in ontogeny. If their extinction was due to a bolide strike, plankton around the globe could have been severely diminished, thereby dooming ammonite reproduction during its planktonic stage.

The extinction of the ammonites along with other marine animals and of course, non-avian dinosaurs, has been attributed to a bolide impact, marking the end of the Cretaceous Period. However, regardless of what effect an impact may have had, many of these groups, including ammonoids, were already in serious decline. Previously ammonoid cephalopods barely survived several earlier major extinction events, often with only a few species surviving from which a multitude of forms diversified.

Eight or so species from only two families made it almost to the end of the Cretaceous, the order has gone through a more or less steady decline since the middle of the period. Six other families made it well into the upper Maastrichtian (uppermost stage of the Cretaceous) but were extinct well before the end. All told, 11 families entered the Maastrichtian, a decline from the 19 families known from the Cenomanian in the middle of the Cretaceous.

One reason given for their demise is that Cretaceous ammonites, being closely related to coleoids, had a similar reproductive strategy in which a huge number of eggs is laid in a single batch at the end of the life span. These, along with juvenile ammonites, are thought to have been part of the plankton at the surface of the ocean where they were killed off by the effects of an impact. Nautiloids, exemplified by modern nautiluses, are thought on the other hand to have had a reproductive strategy in which eggs were laid in smaller batches many times during the life span and on the seafloor well away from any direct effects of such a bolide strike, and thus survived.

In medieval Europe, fossilized ammonites were thought to be petrified coiled snakes, and were called “snakestones” or, more commonly in medieval England, “serpent stones”. They were considered to be evidence for the actions of saints such as Saint Hilda and Saint Patrick. Traders would occasionally carve the head of a snake onto the empty, wide end of the ammonite fossil, and then sell them to the public. Ammonites from the Gandaki river in Nepal are known as calligrams and are believed by Hindus to be a concrete manifestation of God or Vishnu.

The words ammonite and ammonoid are both used quite loosely in common parlance to refer to any member of subclass Ammonoidea. However, in stricter usage, the term ammonite is reserved for members of suborder Ammonitina (or sometimes even order Ammonitida).

Metaphysical guide of Ammonite:

Ammonites are a fossilized animal related to the snail.
Ammonites transmute negative energy. Ammonites provide stability and structure as well as protection for the user.
Vibration: 9
Astrological Sign: Aquarius


Amethyst was used as a gemstone by the ancient Egyptians and was largely employed in antiquity for intaglio engraved gems.

The Greeks believed amethyst gems could prevent intoxication, while medieval European soldiers wore amethyst amulets as protection in battle. The reason for this being that amethysts are believed to heal people and keep them cool-headed. Beads of amethyst were found in Anglo-Saxon graves in England.

A large geode, or “amethyst-grotto”, from near Santa Cruz in southern Brazil was presented at the 1902 exhibition in Düsseldorf, Germany.

Amethyst is the traditional birthstone for February.

Amethyst is the purple variety of quartz and is a popular gemstone. If it were not for its widespread availability, amethyst would be very expensive. The name “amethyst” comes from the Greek and means “not drunken.” This was maybe due to a belief that Amethyst would ward off the effects of alcohol, but most likely the Greeks were referring to the almost wine-like color of some stones that they may have encountered. Its color is unparalleled, and even other, more expensive purple gemstones are often compared to its color and beauty. Although it must always be purple to be amethyst, it can and does have a wide range of purple shades.

Amethyst can occur as long prismatic crystals that have a six-sided pyramid at either end or can form as Druzes that are crystalline crusts that only show the pointed terminations. As a mineral specimen, amethyst is popular for its color and nice crystal shapes that produce a handsome, purple, sparkling cluster.

However, amethyst is not the same everywhere. Different localities can produce a unique amethyst to that particular region or even to that particular mine. Experts can often identify the source mine that a particular amethyst came from. The key to this is the specimen””””s color, the shape of crystal, inclusions, associations, and character of formation.
Physical properties of Amethyst:
Category Mineral variety
Chemical formula Silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2)
Color: Purple, violet
Crystal habit: 6-sided prism ending in the 6-sided pyramid (typical)
Crystal system: rhombohedral class 32
Twinning: Dauphine law, Brazil law, and Japan law
Cleavage: None
Fracture: Conchoidal
Mohs scale hardness: 7-lower in impure varieties
Luster: Vitreous/glossy
Streak: White
Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent
Specific gravity: 2.65 constant; variable in impure varieties
Optical properties” Uniaxial (+)
Refractive index: nù = 1.543-1.553 nå = 1.552-1.554
Birefringence: +0.009 (B-G interval)
Pleochroism: None
Melting point: 1650±75 °C
Solubility: insoluble in common solvents
Other characteristics: Piezoelectric
Location: Africa, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Italy, Madagascar, Mexico, Russia Uruguay, and the USA
Rarity: Widespread Availability
Fun Fact: Amethyst is also known as the ””””Bishop””””s Stone”””” because Catholic bishops still wear rings set with this lovely gem.Metaphysical guide of Amethyst:

Protection, Purification, Spiritual/Divine Connection
Primary Chakras: Third Eye, Crown
Astrological sign(s): Pisces, Virgo, Aquarius, Capricorn
Vibration: Number 3
Amethyst is a very powerful and protective crystal and is the first choice of many metaphysicians. Amethyst was used in ancient times to recover from both physical addictions as well as addictive relationships, and became known as the “stone of sobriety”. A natural stress reliever, Amethyst can encourage inner strength.

The strong healing energy of Amethyst can transmute lower vibrations to higher frequencies, transforming negative energy to love energy.

Amethyst connects the physical plane with a higher realm, making it a good choice when working with the Third Eye Chakra. Amethyst also provides wonderful peaceful energy for meditations and helps with developing intuition and psychic abilities.

Amethyst opens and activates the Crown Chakra as well, allowing easier access to the divine. Amethyst enhances spiritual awareness and spiritual wisdom, promoting a higher state of consciousness. Amethyst clears and repairs holes in the aura and draws in Divine energy, as well as aligning and fostering cooperation between the energy bodies.


banded amethyst

Banded Amethyst is a combination of Amethyst and White Quartz, mixed together in a striped pattern, though not as pronounced as the V-shaped striped patterns of Chevron Amethyst. The properties of Banded Amethyst are the same as those of Chevron Amethyst. Chevron Amethyst combines the strengthening and enhancing qualities of Quartz with the stress-relieving qualities of Amethyst. This symbiotic combination of minerals lends itself to a wonderfully spiritual stone, which is great for gently removing the veils that obscure some of the hidden meanings in life.

Chevron Amethyst is one of the best stones to work with the Third-Eye, enhancing both intuition and physical vision on all planes of existence. Use Chevron Amethyst to help remove resistance to change, and to dissipate and repel negativity of all kinds. Chevron Amethyst creates a strong healing field around the user, and as such, is a good choice to cleanse the aura and to enhance the immune system.

Crystal healers work with Chevron Amethyst for its psychic energies and for its ability to clear and strengthen the aura. Chevron Amethyst can amplify energies needed for manifestation and works well in grid work. Chevron Amethyst is also said to deepen the meditative state, enhancing the quality and frequency of visions and inspiration from higher realms.
Physical properties of Banded Amethyst:
Crystal System: Trigonal-Crystal-System
Chemical Composition: (SiO2) Silicon Dioxide
Hardness: 7-Hardness
Rarity: Common
Location: Africa, Brazil, India
Metaphysical guide of Banded Amethyst:
Primary Chakra: Third-Eye-Chakra
Secondary Chakra: Crown-Chakra
Astrological Sign: All-Astrological-Signs
Numerical Vibration: Number-2Issues and Ailments (Physical): Addictions, Alcoholism, Balances-Metabolism, Blood-Disorders, Bruising, Burns, Digestion-and-Digestive-System-Health, Endocrine-System-and-Glands, Headache-and-Migraine-Relief, Hearing-Problems, Hormone-Production, Injuries, Insomnia, Lungs, Parasites, Respiratory-Health, Skin-Infections-and-Irritations, Swelling

Issues and Ailments (Emotional): Anger-Diffusing-or-Release, Anxiety, Coping-with-Changes, Coping-with-Grief, Coping-with-Loss, Decision-Making, Emotional-Balance, Emotional-Pain, Fear, Focus, Love, Motivation, Night-Terrors-and-Nightmares, Rage-Diffusing-or-Release, Selflessness

Issues and Ailments (Spiritual): Astral-Projection-and-Traveling, Awareness, Dream-Interpretation-and-Recall, Enhancing-Psychic-Abilities, Harmony, Love, Spiritual-Protection, Visualization, Wisdom



Apatite is actually three different minerals depending on the predominance of either fluorine, chlorine or the hydroxyl group. These ions can freely substitute in the crystal lattice and all three are usually present in every specimen although some specimens have been close to 100% in one or the other. The rather non-inventive names of these minerals are Fluorapatite, Chlorapatite, and Hydroxylapatite. The three are usually considered together due to the difficulty in distinguishing them in hand samples using ordinary methods.
An irony of the name apatite is that apatite is the mineral that makes up the teeth in all vertebrate animals as well as their bones. Get it? Apatite – teeth! Anyway, the name apatite comes from a Greek word meaning to deceive in allusion to its similarity to other more valuable minerals such as olivine, peridot, and beryl.
Apatite is widely distributed in all rock types; igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic, but is usually just small disseminated grains or cryptocrystalline fragments. Large well-formed crystals though can be found in certain contact metamorphic rocks. Very gemmy crystals of apatite can be cut as gems but the softness of apatite prevents wide distribution or acceptance of apatite as a gemstone.

Physical properties of Apatite:

Color: Transparent to translucent, usually green, less often colorless, yellow, blue to violet, pink, brown.
Stone Type/Family: A member of the Apatite Group and Phosphate Class
Crystal habit: Tabular, prismatic crystals, massive, compact or granular
Crystal system: Hexagonal Dipyramidal (6/m)
Chemical Composition: Ca5(PO4)3(OH,F,Cl), Calcium (Fluoro, Chloro, Hydroxyl) Phosphate
Cleavage: [0001] Indistinct, [1010] Indistinct
Fracture: Conchoidal to uneven
Mohs scale hardness: 5
Luster: Vitreous to subresinous
Streak: White
Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent
Specific: gravity 3.16 – 3.22
Polish luster: Vitreous
Optical properties: Double refractive, uniaxial negative
Refractive index: 1.634 – 1.638 (+.012, -.006)
Birefringence: .002-.008
Pleochroism: Blue stones – strong, blue and yellow to colorless. Other colors are weak to very weak.
Dispersion: .013
Ultraviolet fluorescence: Yellow stones – purplish-pink which is stronger in long waves; blue stones – blue to light blue in both long and short waves; green stones – greenish yellow which is stronger in long wave; violet stones – greenish-yellow in the long wave, light purple in short wave.
Location: Brazil, Canada, Mexico, Madagascar, Norway, Russia, USA
Rarity: Relatively Common
Fun Fact: Apatite is the mineral that makes up the teeth in all vertebrate animals as well as their bones.

Metaphysical properties of Apatite:
Clarity, Spiritual Guidance, Self Expression
Primary Chakras: Throat, Third Eye
Astrological sign(s): Gemini, Libra
Vibration: Number 9
Blue Apatite energetically acts as a hunger suppressant. Simply wear or carry a piece with you throughout the day. Blue Apatite also eliminates blockages and returns the body to balance. Blue Apatite can cleanse the aura of cluttered energies, bringing a renewed sensation to the body. Blue Apatite is a good stone to help balance the chakras, as well as the energies of Yin and Yang.
Blue Apatite enhances the manifestation of ideas to reality and facilitates getting results.
It has traditionally been associated with humanitarian efforts and teaching. Blue Apatite is also known for bringing clarity of mind and expansion of insights and is especially helpful when diligent study is needed to uncover the truth.

Blue Apatite enhances communication and self-expression on all levels, making this a great stone for teachers. Blue Apatite encourages openness and ease in social situations, a quality that makes it especially useful for autistic children. Blue Apatite acts as a good balancer of energies, emotions, chakras, and subtle bodies, as well as the male and female aspects of the self.

Blue Apatite can help to effectively work within the dream state to form solutions to perplexing problems. Those who are overemotional can benefit from Apatite`s ability to highlight logical solutions and induce calm states of mind.

Blue Apatite can help to develop psychic gifts and connect the user to higher levels of spiritual guidance. Use Blue Apatite to deepen and maintain focus in meditation. Blue Apatite can also initiate, stimulate, and/or increase the development of psychic abilities, such as clairvoyance and clairaudience.

Used at a physical level, Blue Apatite will focus on healing energy on the body’s systems, glands, meridians, and organs.


blue calacite

Color of Calcite is extremely variable but generally white or colorless or with light shades of yellow, orange, blue, pink, red, brown, green, black and gray. Occasionally iridescent.

Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). The other polymorphs are the minerals aragonite and vaterite. Aragonite will change to calcite at 470 °C, and vaterite is even less stable.

Physical properties of Blue Calcite:

Color: Pale to Medium Deep Blue
Location: Africa, Brazil, Czech Republic, Germany, India, Madagascar, Mexico, Romania, UK, USA.
Rarity: Very Common
Fun Fact: Calcite is the primary mineral component in cave formations.

Stone Type/Family: A member of the Calcite family, Carbonates Class
Crystal System: Hexagonal
Chemical Composition: (CaCO3) Calcium Carbonate
Hardness: 2.5-3

Metaphysical guide of Blue Calcite:

Soothing, Emotional Release, Communication Primary Chakras: Throat

Third Eye Astrological signs: Cancer

Primary Chakra: Throat, Third Eye
Astrological sign(s): Cancer
Vibration: Number 3

Calming Blue Calcite soothes frayed nerves and lessens anxieties. A gentle stone to use when recuperating, Blue Calcite facilitates physical healing by clearing negative emotions and encouraging rest and relaxation. Blue Calcite can also work as a natural sedative after emotional trauma, such as the death of a loved one.

Use Blue Calcite with the Throat Chakra to facilitate calm communication.

It amplifies energy in the Throat Chakra, allowing clear communication, especially among differing or opposing points of view. Working with the Third-Eye Chakra, Blue Calcite can enhance or activate the intuition and inner sight. Blue Calcite also aids memory and learning and helps students retain their lessons. Meditating with Blue Calcite can promote an optimistic point of view by helping one to see the perfection of the Universe.

Physically, Blue Calcite lowers blood pressure and may help to dissolve pain on all levels. Gently soothing the nerves and lifting anxieties, Blue Calcite releases negative emotions. Blue Calcite can absorb this emotional energy, filter it, purify it and then return positive, healing energy back to the sender.

In general, Calcite is a powerful energy amplifier and cleanser. The purifying energy of Calcite cleans out stored negative energy from a room, the body, etc. Use Calcite to clear out old energy patterns and to increase personal motivation and drive. Calcite is also a good choice for distance healing work because it amplifies the energy being sent.

Calcite is also known as the “stone of the mind.” Calcite heightens mental discernment and analysis, increases memory and learning abilities. Calcite is THE stone for students and academics. Calcite is also useful during times of mental adjustments and disagreements. Calcite can show you a new way to look at a situation, easing you away from old, outdated thought patterns that may be in the way of new ideas.

Physically, Calcite has been associated with the bones and joints and balances the amount of calcium in the body. Calcite can also help to improve the body`s absorption of important vitamins and minerals.

This information does not intend to serve as medical advice, cure any diseases, and should not be relied upon in your health-related decision making. This information is available to assist in expanding your understanding of prevailing beliefs in the metaphysical fields.