Metaphysical & Physical Guide to Our Stones {Part 5}

Discover the Gemstone Meanings of our Stones, including the Metaphysics and the Physical Gemstone Properties.

Metaphysic of Petrified Wood, Physical properties of Petrified Wood


PETRIFIED WOOD

petrified-wood-log-100cm-4

Petrified wood (from the Greek root petro meaning “rock” or “stone”; literally “wood turned into stone”) is the name given to a special type of fossilized remains of terrestrial vegetation. It is the result of a tree having turned completely into stone by the process of permineralization. All the organic materials have been replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, such as quartz) while retaining the original structure of the wood. Unlike other types of fossils which are typically impressions or compressions, petrified wood is a three-dimensional representation of the original organic material. The petrifaction process occurs underground when wood becomes buried under sediment and is initially preserved due to a lack of oxygen which inhibits aerobic decomposition. Mineral-laden water flowing through the sediment deposits minerals in the plant’s cells and as the plant’s lignin and cellulose decay, a stone mold forms in its place.

In general, wood takes fewer than 100 years to petrify. The organic matter needs to become petrified before it decomposes completely. A forest where the wood has petrified becomes known as a petrified forest.

Elements such as manganese, iron, and copper in the water/mud during the petrifaction process give petrified wood a variety of color ranges. Pure quartz crystals are colorless, but when contaminants are added to the process the crystals take on a yellow, red, or other tints.

Following is a list of contaminating elements and related color hues:

Carbon – black
Cobalt – green/blue
Chromium – green/blue
Copper – green/blue
Iron oxides – red, brown, and yellow
Manganese – pink/orange
Manganese oxides – black/yellow
Petrified wood can preserve the original structure of the wood in all its detail, down to the microscopic level. Structures such as tree rings and the various tissues are often observed features.

Petrified wood has a Mohs hardness of 7, the same as a quartz crystal.

Petrified wood is the provincial stone of Alberta and also the state gem of Washington.

Locations
Argentina – The Petrified Forest National Monument in Chubut Province in the Argentine Patagonia has many trees that measure more than 3 m (10 ft) in diameter and 30 m (100 ft) long.
Australia – Has deposits of petrified and opalized wood. Chinchilla, Queensland is famous for its ‘Chinchilla Red’.
Belgium – Geosite Goudberg near Hoegaarden.
Brazil – In the geopark of Paleorrota, there is a vast area with petrified trees.
Canada – In the badlands of southern Alberta; petrified wood is the provincial stone of Alberta. Axel Heiberg Island in Nunavut has a large petrified forest.
China – in the Junggar Basin of Xinjiang, northwest China government has issued a crackdown on collecting of this material, but large slabs and even large meeting tables have been made out of this colorful replaced wood.
Czech Republic, Nová Paka – The most famous locality on Permian-Carboniferous rocks in the Czech Republic.
Germany – The museum of natural history in Chemnitz has a collection of petrified trees found in the town in 1737.
Ecuador – Puyango Petrified Forest is one of the largest collections of petrified woods in the world.
Egypt Petrified Forest in Cairo-Suez road, declared a national protectorate by the ministry of environment, also in the area of New Cairo at the Extension of Nasr city, El Qattamiyya, near El Maadi district, Al Farafra oasis, Al Fayoum depression and actually the entire western desert.
Greece – Petrified Forest of Lesvos, at the western tip of the island of Lesbos, is possibly the largest of the petrified forests, covering an area of over 150 km² and declared a National Monument in 1985. Large, upright trunks complete with root systems can be found, as well as trunks up to 22 m in length.
India is a geological site famous for its petrified woods Thiruvakkarai Village in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The site is protected by the Geological Survey of India. Petrified woods cover a large area on this site.
Libya – Great Sand Sea – Hundreds of square miles of petrified trunks, branches, and other debris mixed with Stone Age artifacts.
Namibia – Petrified forest of Damaraland
New Zealand – Curio Bay on the Catlins coast contains many petrified wood examples.
Ukraine – Petrified araucaria trunks near Druzhkivka.
United Kingdom – many examples of petrified submerged forests can be found at low tide around the coast of England and Wales.
United States – Some of the better known petrified wood sites include:
Petrified Wood Park in Lemmon, South Dakota.
Ginkgo/Wanapum State Park in Washington State.
Grotto of the Redemption, a private park in Iowa.
Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona.
Petrified Forest (California) in California.
Mississippi Petrified Forest in Flora, Mississippi.
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument near Florissant, Colorado.

Artificial Petrified Wood

Artificial petrified wood has been produced in a Washington laboratory. In the process, small cubes of pine were soaked in an acid bath for two days, then in a silica solution for another two. The product was then cooked at 1400 °C in an argon atmosphere for two hours. The result was silicon carbide ceramic which preserved the intricate cell structure of the wood. Soaking in a tungsten solution produced a tungsten carbide petrified wood
Physical properties of Petrified Wood:

Crystal System: Trigonal
Chemical Composition: Fossil wood replaced by Chalcedony and sometimes also by Opal, Coal, Pyrite and/or Calcite.
Mineral Class: Silicates
Hardness: (7)
Color: Brown, Black/Brown, Cream, Tan, Red, Yellow
Location: Madagascar, Australia, Germany, New Zealand, Thailand, USA
Rarity: Common

Metaphysical guide of Petrified Wood:

Primary Chakra: Root, Sacral, Solar Plexus
Astrological sign(s): Leo
Vibration: Number 77
Grounding, Strength, Support

Fossilized Petrified Wood, which is also known as Agatized Wood, forms when a tree has died and silicon dioxide forms in place of the wood that degrades until there is no wood left, only Quartz. It works with the Root and Third-Eye Chakras to bring wonderful healing energies to both physical and emotional issues. Many people like Petrified Wood for its ancient energies, lending to enhanced past-life work. Petrified wood teaches us patience and helps us to understand how to allow life to evolve in perfection. Working with its grounding energies can encourage one to live life as a spiritual being within this physical realm.

Many people like to use Petrified Wood to help connect with the energies of the Earth. These Petrified Wood Pieces are a great way for city dwellers to keep the vibrations of nature near the concrete jungle. Meditation with Petrified wood may take you back to connect with a time when your Spirit was cradled by Nature. Petrified wood encourages people to respect and look after their environment, ever finding ways to live simply, in harmony with the Spirit of the planet. Carry Petrified Wood with you when you feel disconnected from Nature.

Metaphysical guide of Quartz, Physical properties of Quartz

QUARTZ


Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth’s continental crust, after feldspar. It is made up of a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon-oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall formula SiO2.

There are many different varieties of quartz, several of which are semi-precious gemstones. Especially in Europe and the Middle East, varieties of quartz have been since antiquity the most commonly used minerals in the making of jewelry and hardstone carvings.
The word “quartz” is derived from the German word “quarz”, which was imported from Middle High German, “twarc”, which originated in Slavic (cf. Czech tvrdy (“hard”), Polish twardy (“hard”), Russian твёрдый (“hard”)), from Old Church Slavonic тврьдъ (“firm”), from Proto-Slavic *tvьrdъ.

The word “quartz” comes from the German Quarz (help•info), which is of Slavic origin (Czech miners called it křemen). Other sources attribute the word’s origin to the Saxon word Querkluftertz, meaning cross-vein ore.
Quartz is the most common material identified as the mystical substance maban in Australian Aboriginal mythology. It is found regularly in passage tomb cemeteries in Europe in a burial context, such as Newgrange or Carrowmore in the Republic of Ireland. The Irish word for quartz is grian cloch, which means ‘stone of the sun’. Quartz was also used in Prehistoric Ireland, as well as many other countries, for stone tools; both vein quartz and rock crystal were knapped as part of the lithic technology of the prehistoric peoples.
While jade has been since earliest times the most prized semi-precious stone for carving in East Asia and Pre-Columbian America, in Europe and the Middle East the different varieties of quartz were the most commonly used for the various types of jewelry and hardstone carving, including engraved gems and cameo gems, rock crystal vases, and extravagant vessels. The tradition continued to produce objects that were very highly valued until the mid-19th century when it largely fell from fashion except in jewelry. Cameo technique exploits the bands of color in onyx and other varieties.
Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder believed quartz to be water ice, permanently frozen after great lengths of time. (The word “crystal” comes from the Greek word κρύσταλλος, “ice”.) He supported this idea by saying that quartz is found near glaciers in the Alps, but not on volcanic mountains and that large quartz crystals were fashioned into spheres to cool the hands. He also knew of the ability of quartz to split light into a spectrum. This idea persisted until at least the 1600s.
In the 17th century, Nicolas Steno’s study of quartz paved the way for modern crystallography. He discovered that no matter how distorted a quartz crystal, the long prism faces always made a perfect 60° angle.
Charles B. Sawyer invented the commercial quartz crystal manufacturing process in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. This initiated the transition from mined and cut quartz for electrical appliances to manufactured quartz.
Quartz’s piezoelectric properties were discovered by Jacques and Pierre Curie in 1880. The quartz oscillator or resonator was first developed by Walter Guyton Cady in 1921. George Washington Pierce designed and patented quartz crystal oscillators in 1923. Warren Marrison created the first quartz oscillator clock based on the work of Cady and Pierce in 1927.

Quartz belongs to the trigonal crystal system. The ideal crystal shape is a six-sided prism terminating with six-sided pyramids at each end. In nature quartz crystals are often twinned, distorted, or so intergrown with adjacent crystals of quartz or other minerals as to only show part of this shape, or to lack obvious crystal faces altogether and appear massive. Well-formed crystals typically form in a ‘bed’ that has unconstrained growth into a void, but because the crystals must be attached at the other end to a matrix; only one termination pyramid is present. A quartz geode is such a situation where the void is approximately spherical in shape, lined with a bed of crystals pointing inward.
At surface temperatures and pressures, quartz is the most stable form of silicon dioxide. Quartz will remain stable up to 573 °C at 1 kilobar of pressure. As the pressure increases the temperature at which quartz will lose stability also increases.
Above 1300 °C and at a pressure of approximately 35 kilobars, only β-quartz is stable. The latter is not the same as normal quartz (or α-quartz), low quartz or just quartz. β-quartz has higher symmetry, is less dense and has slightly lower specific gravity. The conversion, from one solid substance to another solid substance, of quartz to β-quartz is quick, reversible and accompanied with slight energy absorption. The conversion is so easily accomplished that when a crystal of quartz is heated to β-quartz, cooled back down, heated again to β-quartz, etc., the quartz will be the same as when it started.
The reason that the conversion is so easily accomplished is that the difference between quartz and β-quartz is relatively slight. The bonds between the oxygen and silicon atoms are “kinked” or bent in quartz and are not so “kinked” in β-quartz. At the higher temperatures, the atoms move away from each other just enough to allow the bonds to unkink or straighten and produce the higher symmetry. As the temperature is lowered, the atoms close in on each other and the bonds must kink in order to be stable and this lowers the symmetry back down again.
Although all quartz at temperatures lower than 573 °C is low quartz, there are a few examples of crystals that obviously started out as β-quartz. Sometimes these are labeled as β-quartz but are actually examples of pseudomorphic or “falsely shaped” crystals more correctly labeled ‘quartz after β-quartz’. These crystals are of higher symmetry than low quartz although low quartz can form similar crystals to them. They are composed of hexagonal dipyramids which are a pair of opposing six-sided pyramids and the crystals lack prism faces. Quartz’s typical termination is composed of two sets of three rhombic faces that can look like a six-sided pyramid.
(Microscopic) crystal structure
α-quartz crystallizes in the trigonal crystal system, space group P3121 and P3221 respectively. β-quartz belongs to the hexagonal system, space group P6221, and P6421, respectively. These spacegroups are truly chiral (they each belong to the 11 enantiomorphous pairs). Both α-quartz and β-quartz are examples of chiral crystal structures composed of achiral building blocks (SiO4 tetrahedra in the present case). The transformation between α- and β-quartz only involves a comparatively minor rotation of the tetrahedra with respect to one another, without a change in the way they are linked.

Not all varieties of quartz are naturally occurring. Prasiolite, an olive-colored material, is produced by heat treatment; natural prasiolite has also been observed in Lower Silesia in Poland. Although citrine occurs naturally, the majority is the result of heat-treated amethyst. Carnelian is widely heat-treated to deepen its color.
Due to natural quartz being so often twinned, much of the quartz used in industry is synthesized. Large, flawless and untwinned crystals are produced in an autoclave via the hydrothermal process; emeralds are also synthesized in this fashion. While these are still commonly referred to as quartz, the correct term for this material is silicon dioxide.

Occurrence
Quartz is an essential constituent of granite and other felsic igneous rocks. It is very common in sedimentary rocks such as sandstone and shale and is also present in variable amounts as an accessory mineral in most carbonate rocks. It is also a common constituent of schist, gneiss, quartzite and other metamorphic rocks. Because of its resistance to weathering it is very common in stream sediments and in residual soils. Quartz, therefore, occupies the lowest potential to weather in the Goldich dissolution series.
Quartz occurs in hydrothermal veins as gangue along with ore minerals. Large crystals of quartz are found in pegmatites. Well-formed crystals may reach several meters in length and weigh hundreds of kilograms.
Naturally occurring quartz crystals of extremely high purity, necessary for the crucibles and other equipment used for growing silicon wafers in the semiconductor industry, are expensive and rare. A major mining location for high purity quartz is the Spruce Pine Gem Mine in Spruce Pine, North Carolina, United States.

Tridymite and cristobalite are high-temperature polymorphs of SiO2 that occur in high-silica volcanic rocks. Coesite is a denser polymorph of quartz found in some meteorite impact sites and in metamorphic rocks formed at pressures greater than those typical of the Earth’s crust. Stishovite is a yet denser and higher-pressure polymorph of quartz found in some meteorite impact sites. Lechatelierite is an amorphous silica glass SiO2 which is formed by lightning strikes in quartz sand.

Quartz crystals have piezoelectric properties; they develop an electric potential upon the application of mechanical stress. Early use of this property of quartz crystals was in phonograph pickups. One of the most common piezoelectric uses of quartz today is as a crystal oscillator. The quartz clock is a familiar device using the mineral. The resonant frequency of a quartz crystal oscillator is changed by mechanically loading it, and this principle is used for very accurate measurements of very small mass changes in the quartz crystal microbalance and in thin-film thickness monitors.

Physical properties of Quartz:

Category: Silicate mineral
Chemical formula: Silica (silicon dioxide, SiO2)
Strunz classification: 04.DA.05
Dana classification: 75.01.03.01
Crystal symmetry: Trigonal 32
Unit cell: a = 4.9133 Å, c = 5.4053 Å; Z=3
Color: clear, white, Colorless through various colors to black
Crystal habit: 6-sided prism ending in a 6-sided pyramid (typical), drusy, fine-grained to microcrystalline, massive
Crystal system: α-quartz: trigonal trapezohedral class 3 2; β-quartz: hexagonal 622
Twinning: Common Dauphine law, Brazil law, and Japan law
Cleavage: {0110} Indistinct
Fracture: Conchoidal
Tenacity: Brittle
Mohs scale hardness: 7 – lower in impure varieties
Luster: Vitreous – waxy to dull when massive
Streak: White
Diaphaneity: Transparent to nearly opaque
Specific gravity: 2.65; variable 2.59-2.63 in impure varieties
Optical properties: Uniaxial (+)
Refractive index: nω = 1.543-1.545 nε = 1.552-1.554
Birefringence: +0.009 (B-G interval)
Pleochroism: None
Melting point: 1670 °C (β tridymite) 1713 °C (β cristobalite)
Solubility: Insoluble at STP; 1 ppm mass at 400 °C and 500 lb/in2 to 2600 ppm mass at 500 °C and 1500 lb/in2
Other characteristics: Piezoelectric, pyroelectric, may be triboluminescent, chiral (hence optically active if not racemic)
Location: Worldwide
Rarity: Common
Fun Fact: Quartz is not the only mineral composed of (SiO2) Silicon Dioxide. There are no less than eight other known structures that are composed of (SiO2) Silicon Dioxide.

Metaphysical guide of Quartz:

Healing, Enhancing, Amplification
Primary Chakras: ALL Astrological signs: ALL
Primary Chakra: ALL
Astrological sign(s): ALL
Vibration: Number 4

Extremely popular metaphysically, Clear Quartz is the most versatile healing stone among all crystals. Quartz is the most powerful healing stone of the mineral kingdom, able to work on any condition. Clear Quartz is known as the stone of power and amplifies any energy or intention. Clear Quartz protects against negativity, attunes to your higher self, and relieves pain.

Clear Quartz has been shown to enhance and strengthen the aura. As gifts from our Mother Earth, Clear Quartz comes to us with information for the higher self to assimilate in the process of one’s spiritual growth. Clear Quartz is often used to cleanse, open, activate, and align all of the chakras. Since Clear Quartz absorbs energies very easily, it is important to clear these stones on a regular basis.

In natural form, Clear Quartz Points radiate their energies outward, into the surrounding environment. Clear Quartz can be programmed with intention and kept in a central place to emit its helpful energies. Quartz Points naturally form in a 6-sided (hexagon) shape. The Sacred Geometry of a 6-sided Clear Quartz Point contributes to its ability to magnify energetic vibrations. Quartz Points are wonderful crystals to use with any type of meditation or energy work, including Reiki, table work, and Energy Grids.

Metaphysic of Rhodonite, Physical properties of Rhodonite

RHODONITE

Rhodonite Polished One Face 1LB
Rhodonite is a manganese inosilicate, (Mn, Fe, Mg, Ca)SiO3 and member of the pyroxenoid group of minerals, crystallizing in the triclinic system. It commonly occurs as cleavable to compact masses with a rose-red color (the name comes from the Greek ῥόδος rhodos, rosy), often tending to brown because of surface oxidation.

Rhodonite crystals often have a thick tabular habit but are rare. It has perfect, prismatic cleavage, almost at right angles. The hardness is 5.5-6.5, and the specific gravity 3.4-3.7; luster is vitreous, being less frequently pearly on cleavage surfaces. The manganese is often partly replaced by iron, magnesium, calcium, and sometimes zinc which may sometimes be present in considerable amounts; a greyish-brown variety containing as much as 20% of calcium oxide is called bustamite; fowlerite is a zinciferous variety containing 7% of zinc oxide.

The inosilicate (chain silicate) structure of rhodonite has a repeat unit of five silica tetrahedra. The rare polymorph pyroxmangite, formed at different conditions of pressure and temperature, has the same chemical composition but a repeat unit of seven tetrahedra.

Rhodonite has also been worked as an ornamental stone. In the iron and manganese mines at Pajsberg near Filipstad and Långban in Värmland, Sweden, small brilliant and translucent crystals (pajsbergite) and cleavage masses occur. Fowlerite occurs as large, rough crystals, somewhat resembling pink feldspar, with franklinite and zinc ores in granular limestone at Franklin Furnace in New Jersey.

Rhodonite is the official gem of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Physical Properties of Rhodonite:

Category: Silicate mineral
Chemical formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg,Ca)SiO3
Strunz classification: 09.DK.05
Dana classification: 65.04.01.01
Color: Rose-pink to brownish red, gray, or yellow
Crystal habit: Tabular crystals, massive, granular
Crystal system: Triclinic – Pinacoidal H-M Symbol (1) Space Group: P1
Twinning: Lamellar, composition plane {010}
Cleavage: Perfect on {110} and {110}, (110) ^ (110) = 92.5°; good on {001}
Fracture: Conchoidal to uneven
Mohs scale hardness: 5.5 – 6.5
Luster: Vitreous to pearly
Streak: White
Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent
Specific gravity: 3.57 – 3.76
Optical properties: Biaxial (+)
Refractive index: ná = 1.711 – 1.738 nâ = 1.714 – 1.741 nã = 1.724 – 1.751
Birefringence: ä = 0.013
Pleochroism: Weak
2V angle: Measured: 58° to 73°, Calculated: 58°
Alters to: Exterior commonly black from manganese oxides
Location: Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Madagascar, Mexico, Namibia, Peru, Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, USA
Rarity: Common
Fun Fact: Can’t tell Rhodochrosite and Rhodonite apart? Look for the black lines or “roads” in Rhodonite as opposed to the creamy loops and swirls in Rhodochrosite.

Metaphysical guide of Rhodonite:

Primary Chakra: Root, Heart, Higher Heart
Astrological sign(s): Taurus
Vibration: Number 9
Love of Self/Others, Vitality, Support

Rhodonite helps to balance the emotions and calm impatience. Rhodonite is a very supportive stone that works with the Heart Chakra to attract love and ground negative energies. Rhodonite allows one to see areas in their life that can be improved on without getting down on, criticizing or judging oneself.

Like Rhodochrosite, Rhodonite is often used for rediscovering one’s inner gifts, as well as for bringing much-needed love into the world. Rhodonite can also help one to remember their soul-purpose of incarnation, and facilitate living from the heart. This lovely stone also helps one to remember that the best rewards come from serving the highest good. Carrying Tumbled Rhodonite to help provide support to the Higher Heart Chakra, which in turn will promote the service of the Spirit.

Rhodonite can assist one in discovering one’s true passion, and learning brand new skills to enhance that passion, if necessary. Rhodonite encourages people to find ways to be of service to humanity and helps to draw in synchronicities related to this goal. Rhodonite can enhance power in those who have truly altruistic intentions.

Rhodonite is a Heart and Root Chakra stone that helps one to process energies in these areas more efficiently. Use Rhodonite as a stone of power, to bring strength and vitality to the body and spirit so they can support higher vibrations needed for personal evolution.

Physically, Rhodonite is believed to support detoxification and healing of the organs, especially the liver. Rhodonite is a good stone to help healing ailments of the heart, lungs, and nervous system, and is also used to reduce swelling and inflammation. Tumbled Rhodonite can also be used to stimulate the metabolism. Use Rhodonite when feeling panicked and/or anxious.

Metaphysic of Rose Quartz, Physical properties of Rose Quartz

ROSE QUARTZ

Rose quartz is a type of quartz that exhibits a pale pink to rose red hue. The color is usually considered as due to trace amounts of titanium, iron, or manganese, in the massive material. Some rose quartz contains microscopic rutile needles that produce an asterism in transmitted light. Recent X-ray diffraction studies suggest that the color is due to thin microscopic fibers of possibly dumortierite within the massive quartz.

In crystal form (rarely found) it is called pink quartz and its color is thought to be caused by trace amounts of phosphate or aluminum. The color in crystals is apparently photosensitive and subject to fading. The first crystals were found in a pegmatite found near Rumford, Maine, USA, but most crystals on the market come from Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Rose quartz is not popular as a gem – it is generally too clouded by impurities to be suitable for that purpose. Rose quartz is more often carved into figures such as people or hearts. Hearts are commonly found because rose quartz is pink and an affordable mineral.

Physical properties of Rose Quartz:

Stone Type/Family: Member of the Quartz family
Crystal System: Trigonal
Chemical Composition: (SiO2) Silicon Dioxide with iron and titanium inclusions
Hardness: 7
Color: Palest of pinks to deep lavenders and orchids
Location: Brazil, India, Madagascar, South Africa, US
Rarity: Common
Fun Fact: Rose quartz was once believed to be only found in massive form. The lack of finding Rose Quartz crystals was a curiosity because quartz crystallizes into well-formed crystals in all its other macroscopic varieties. Rose Quartz crystals are much rarer. So amazing are these Rose Quartz crystals that the first ones discovered were dismissed as fakes by mineralogists from around the world.

Metaphysical guide of Rose Quartz:

Primary Chakra: Heart, Higher Heart
Astrological sign(s): Taurus, Libra
Vibration: Number 7

Rose Quartz is the stone of unconditional love. One of the most important stones for Heart Chakra work, Rose Quartz opens the heart to all types of love – the love of self, love of family, love of friends, romantic love. Because it is a type of quartz, Rose Quartz does have high energy, but its vibe is also calming and soothing.

Rose Quartz opens the heart to compassion for self and for others and raises self-esteem. Rose Quartz eases guilt and balances emotions, lowering stress and bringing peace. Use Rose Quartz to enhance positive self-affirmations.

The soothing energy of Rose Quartz fosters empathy, reconciliation, and forgiveness of others. Lowering stress and tension in the heart, Rose Quartz clears out anger, jealousy, and resentment of others, and allows healing of heart issues and dis-ease associated with holding on to such negative emotions.

Known as a romance stone, Rose Quartz can be used to attract love. Put a piece of Rose Quartz by your bedside table, or in the relationship corner of a room or home to attract new love or to add trust and re-commitment to existing relationships. Rose Quartz adds loving energy to relationships, bringing calm and peace. The comforting and soothing energy of Rose Quartz can also help heal a broken heart, allowing the release of pent-up emotions and grief. Rose Quartz also helps release unexpressed feelings about others.

Rose Quartz allows the user to open to and accept love from others, and to recognize the unconditional love of the Universe. Use Rose Quartz to bring calm and harmony during times of increased stress or crisis. Rose Quartz may also be used to balance all of the chakras and to remove negative energy and replace it with love energy.

Physically, Rose Quartz is used to heal ailments of the thymus, heart, and lungs. Rose Quartz is also known to help heal breast cancer and is an excellent support stone for most other types of cancer as well.

Metaphysic of Septarian, Physical properties of Septarian

SEPTARIAN

septarian

Septarian Concretion or Septarians nodule were formed during the Cretaceous Period, around 50 to 70 million years ago. Sea levels were much higher then and the Gulf of Mexico reached inland to Southern Utah where many of the septarian nodules are found. They are also found in Madagascar where conditions were similar.

Periodic volcanic eruptions killed the smaller sea life which sank to the sea bed and started decomposing. The minerals in the shells and carcasses attracted seafloor sediments that accumulated around the carcasses and formed nodules or mud balls. When the ocean eventually receded, the mud balls dried out and began to shrink and crack into the beautiful patterns that you see inside the septarian nodules.

Septarian concretions or septarian nodules are concretions containing angular cavities or cracks, which are called “septaria”. The word comes from the Latin word septum; “partition”, and refers to the cracks/separations in this kind of rock. There is an incorrect explanation that it comes from the Latin word for “seven”, septem, referring to the number of cracks that commonly occur. Cracks are highly variable in shape and volume, as well as the degree of shrinkage they indicate. Although it has commonly been assumed that concretions grew incrementally from the inside outwards, the fact that radially oriented cracks taper towards the margins of septarian concretions is taken as evidence that in these cases the periphery was stiffer while the inside was softer, presumably due to a gradient in the amount of cement precipitated.

The process that created the septaria, which characterizes septarian concretions, remains a mystery. A number of mechanisms, i.e. the dehydration of clay-rich, gel-rich, or organic-rich cores; shrinkage of the concretion’s center; expansion of gases produced by the decay of organic matter; brittle fracturing or shrinkage of the concretion interior by either earthquakes or compaction; and others, have been proposed for the formation of septaria (Pratt 2001). At this time, it is uncertain, which, if any, of these and other proposed mechanisms are responsible for the formation of septaria in septarian concretions (McBride et al. 2003). Septaria usually contain crystals precipitated from circulating solutions, usually of calcite. Siderite or pyrite coatings are also occasionally observed on the wall of the cavities present in the septaria, giving rise respectively to a panoply of bright reddish and golden colors. Some septaria may also contain small calcite stalactites and well-shaped millimetric pyrite single crystals.
Spectacular examples of septarian concretions, which are as much as 3 meters (9 ft) in diameter, are the Moeraki Boulders. These concretions are found eroding out of Paleocene mudstone of the Moeraki Formation exposed along the coast near Moeraki, South Island, New Zealand. They are composed of calcite-cemented mud with septarian veins of calcite and rare late-stage quartz and ferrous dolomite (Boles et al. 1985, Thyne and Boles 1989). Very similar concretions, which are as much as 3 meters (9 ft) in diameter and called “Koutu Boulders”, litter the beach between Koutu and Kauwhare points along the south shore of the Hokianga Harbour of Hokianga, North Island, New Zealand. The much smaller septarian concretions found in the Kimmeridge Clay exposed in cliffs along the Wessex Coast of England are more typical examples of septarian concretions (Scotchman 1991).

Over the eons, calcite leeched down into the cracks and formed calcite crystals which grew to fill the cracks, the interface between the calcite and the bentonite clay transformed into aragonite which is the dark brown crystal layer. The bentonite mud was eventually replaced with limestone which completed the transformation of the entire nodule to stone. This is truly a magnificent piece of artwork from Mother Nature.

There is an important distinction to draw between concretions and nodules. Concretions are formed from mineral precipitation around some kind of nucleus while a nodule is a replacement body.

Physical properties of Septarian:

Septarian is a geode that is a combination of yellow calcite, brown aragonite, grey limestone, and white/clear barite, thus it has properties of each of its component minerals.
Color: Yellow, brown, white, clear

Metaphysical guide of Septarian:

Septarian is a healing stone beneficial to overall health and well being.
Opens psychic abilities
Gives relief for muscle spasms
Nurtures and grounds
Chakra: Root Chakra
Energies: Healing

Septarian brings calming energies that have a nurturing feel to them and can bring feelings of joy and spiritual uplifting. Septarian is used to enhance and nurture communication with groups, making it much easier to speak clearly and kindly in group settings. Septarian is also used to assist with communication with Mother Earth. It is said to bring unconscious foreknowledge needed by the user to help him or her always be prepared for what is coming up. In crystal healing folklore, Septarian is used for the healing of the blood and kidneys. Septarian is related to the lower chakras, root, sacral and solar plexus.

Septarian is a “concretion” stone. Concretions are protective stones, providing both grounding and shielding of the physical, mental and emotional bodies. It is a stone for the regulation of spiritual, mental, and physical prowess. It promotes both calming and understanding on the emotional level. Septarian enhances feelings and the condition of well-being and provides for a merging with and amplifying of one’s energies. It is also quite useful in determining the direction in which to progress. Septarian loves to be held, emanating a loving, kind, and sincere energy pattern. It is said to be a speaking stone and enhances communication on multiple levels.

Metaphysic of Sunset Jasper, Physical properties of Sunset Jasper

SUNSET JASPER

sunset jasper
Sunset Jasper is a new find. NMG explorers were approved their claim in July 2007.
Jasper, a form of chalcedony, is an opaque, impure variety of silica, usually red, yellow, brown or green in color. Blue is rare. This mineral breaks with a smooth surface and is used for ornamentation or as a gemstone. It can be highly polished and is used for vases, seals, and at one time for snuff boxes. When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called striped or banded jasper. Jaspilite is a banded iron formation rock that often has distinctive bands of jasper. Jasper is basically chert which owes its red color to iron (III) inclusions. The specific gravity of jasper is typically 2.5 to 2.9. The jasper is also a stone in the Jewish High Priest’s breastplate, described in Exodus 28.
Physical properties of Jasper:

Stone Type/Family: Silicates
Crystal System: Trigonal
Chemical Composition: SiO2 Silicon Dioxide with various inclusions/impurities
Hardness: 7
Color: Usually red, brown or yellow and colored by oxides of iron.
Location: Worldwide
Rarity: Common
Fun Fact: “Brecciated” is defined as material (Red Jasper in this case) that was broken at some time during its growth. During the healing process, whole quartz formed in the previously broken veins. The final product is a rusty red stone with white streaks and web-like patterns.

Metaphysical guide of Jasper:
Protection, Balance, Creativity
Primary Chakra: Varies by type and color
Astrological sign(s): Leo
Vibration: Number 6
Jasper is known as the “supreme nurturer”. It sustains and supports during times of stress, bringing a sense of tranquility and wholeness. Used in healing, it unifies all aspects of your life.
Jasper is often used to facilitate dreaming/dream recall and shamanic journeys. It is a stone of protection, absorbing all types of negative energies.
Jasper helps to balance and align the physical, mental and emotional bodies with the etheric realm. Jasper is a stone of courage and determination. It can often help those who need more focus, organization abilities, and motivation to follow through. Jasper stimulates creativity and imagination, transforming ideas into action.
This information does not intend to serve as medical advice, cure any diseases, and should not be relied upon in your health-related decision making. This information is available to assist in expanding your understanding of prevailing beliefs in the metaphysical fields.